Pengertian dan Tujuan Recount Text
Recount text is a text that telling the reader about one story, action or activity. Its purpose is to entertain or informing the reader. Or a text which retells event or experiences in the past.
Recount text adalah sebuah teks yang menceritakan kepada pembaca tentang suatu cerita, tindakan, atau kegiatan. Teks ini bertujuan untuk menghibur atau memberi informasi kepada pembaca.
Recount, sesuai dengan namanya, yaitu menceritakan kembali. Jadi recount text ini merupakan salah satu jenis teks bahasa Inggris yang isi teks (tulisan)nya menceritakan pengalaman atau kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau (past). Lalu apa bedanya dengan Narrative Text yang juga merupakan teks cerita? Perbedaannya adalah recount text memiliki struktur yang lebih sederhana karena teks ini hanya berfokus untuk menceritakan kembali pengalaman atau peristiwa sederhana yang pernah dialami di masa lampau.
Ciri-ciri Recount Text
- Using the simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, and past perfect continuous tense.
- frequent use is made of words which link events in time, such as next, later, when, then, after, before, first, at the same time, as soon as she left, late on Friday, On Saturday. On Monday, On Sunday).
- Focus on a specific participant, e.g. I (the writer).
- Using the conjunctions, such as: then, before, after, etc.
- Using an action verb, e.g. went, stayed.
- The passive voice may be used, eg. the bottle was filled with ink (Factual Recount).
Menggunakan kata kerja bentuk lampau.
Menggunakan latar waktu, contoh ketika, kemudian, setelah, Jum'at yang lalu, dll.
Fokus pada satu tokoh, contoh Saya (si penulis)
Menggunakan kata penghubung, seperti kemudian, sebelum, sesudah, dll.
Menggunakan kata kerja aksi, contoh: pergi, menghabiskan, membeli, dll
Pasive voice juga terkadang digunakan (sering terdapat di factual recount)
Generic Structure of Recount Text
Bagian ini adalah bagian pembuka pada recount text yang menceritakan siapa, kapan dan dimana peristiwa atau kejadian yang diaalami itu terjadi di masa lampau.
Bagian ini menceritakan serangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi sesuai urutan kronologis.
Bagian ini adalah bagian akhir atau kalimat-kalimat yang digunakan untuk menutup cerita, bisa berupa kesimpulan atau pengulangan cerita dari awal.
Kinds of Recount Text/ Jenis-jenis recount text
Personal Recount. Jenis recount text yang menceritakan kembali pengalaman pribadi yang dialami oleh penulis.
Factual Recount. Jenis recount text yang menyajikan laporan peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi, seperti laporan percobaan ilmu pengetahuan ataupun laporan kepolisian.
Imaginative Recount. Jenis recount text yang menceritakan kembali kejadian di masa lalu, tapi yang bukan benar-benar terjadi. Imaginative recount biasanya hanya untaian kejadian yang diceritakan satu persatu, tanpa fokus pada siapa pemeran cerita di dalamnya.
Examples of Recount Text
1. Personal Recount
Title : My Fantastic Experience
I spent my last summer in Seoul, South Korea. I went there by myself for a four days solo trip.
On the first day, I was landed at Incheon Airport around 7 AM after a 6 hours long flight. Then I went to Seoul by train and checked into the hotel I already booked. I decided to take a rest for a while. At night, I went to Hongdae, a famous district in South Korea. I went to eat traditional Korean food and went around the neighborhood. On the next day, I went to the Gyeongbokgung Palace and National Museum. I also went to learn how to make Kimchi and see the scenery of Seoul from Seoul Tower. I went back to the hotel at 10 PM and immediately went to sleep.
On the third day, I went to the Korean Demilitarized Zone or DMZ. DMZ is a border barrier that divides South Korea and North Korea. I also went to Dora Observatory. From here, we can see how North Korea looks like through binoculars.
I spent the 4th day walking around Myeondong and buy some stuff and souvenirs for my family and friends. I went to the airport at 3 PM since my flight is at 5 PM.
I have a fantastic experience in South Korea, especially get to see directly how the Korean Peninsula is. It's a great trip.
2. Factual Recount
Title : Titanic
On April 15, 1912, Titanic, one of the British largest and luxurious liners, sank into the North Atlantic Ocean which about 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada.
That giant ship which carried 2,200 passengers and crews had struck an iceberg. Two and a half hour later the ship sank into the deep North Atlantic Ocean at 2:20 a.m.
From that tragedy, more than 1,500 people went down in the sinking ship. Some of them froze to death in the icy North Atlantic water and around 700 people (high class woman and children) survived.
Unfortunately that giant luxurious ship was not equipped with much more lifeboats and good emergency procedures so that the victims of that tragedy were more than the half passengers and crews.
That tragedy became popular again some years later after James Cameron directed a movie entitled Titanic in 1997.
The movie that was inspired by the tragedy of the sinking titanic was a fiction story about the members of different social class who meet in that ship and fallen in love. It was the best movie at that year and still remembered by a lot of people around the world until now.
3. Imaginative Recount
Title : Spiderman
I was dreaming of being super hero when I was a teenager. I imagined myself as Spiderman.
One day, when I was fishing at the river I was bitten by a spider and luckily I was not dying.
At first I felt cold for 24 hours and I was alone in my room. Nobody knew about it. I didn’t tell my family because I was affraid they would angry with me.
After that, something had happened in my body and I still did not recognize it. I lived as I did usually, went to school, go home, eating, doing some activities and so on.
I realized at the first time that I had a super power was when I was getting an accident.
I rode a motor cycle and suddenly there was a bus crashed me. I bounced out of the road and my motor cycle was totally broken.
But at that case, I did not feel any hurt. There was no blood out of my body.
I was angry at that time because the bus did not stop and escaped. I run after it and I didn’t know why I could run so fast and jump so high.
I jumped to the back of the bus and climbed it like a spider. I went to the front, stooped the bus and took the driver out of the bus door.
I knew that I was no more normal human being. I did nothing more to the bus driver. I went back home and decided the next action to do after that.
I did nothing like the Spiderman at the movie that help people to catch the criminals.
I was an opportunist super hero. I was afraid of killing people so that I hide my power from anybody else. I used my power only when I or my family and friends got into dangerous.